Hills of florence
Already in the XIV century, a large number of "rich villas, towers, courtyards and gardens" in the vicinity of Florence made a strong impression on travelers, according to Giovanni Villani,…

Continue reading →

Thermal Resorts Lombardy
Province of bergamo Terme di sant'omobono Viale alle Fonti 117 24038 Sant'Omobono Terme (BG) Telefono: +39 035.851114 Type of water: sulphate-bicarbonate-calcium. Sulfur waters are especially good for skin care. Thermal…

Continue reading →

Check out the rules
Each region of Italy or even in a particular city has its own laws, which are better not to violate, but for this you should familiarize yourself with them in…

Continue reading →

Naples Underground – a parallel world of the city

… This is a real “parallel world”, which is under modern Naples. A quiet city where you can feel the breath of an ancient volcanic sandstone – tuff, and time seems to have stopped. Homer and Virgil accompany us through an incredible network of underground passages, caves and streets, as if taken from legends. A story that has not yet been written. A story waiting to be told. This is sottosuolo, or “bowels” – the underworld of Naples. Parallel world of Naples Ancient ritual crypts and underground sanctuaries – hypogee, ancient Greek caves, ancient Roman aqueducts, medieval tunnels, secret Bourbon tunnels and underground passages … All this is underground Naples, one of the largest urban dungeon systems in the world. Under the streets of the city there are spaces of millions of cubic meters, worked
out over almost three thousand years; moreover, as a rule, abandoned. This is the result of neglect by the authorities, as well as destruction due to natural and man-made causes. Huge voids are found under almost every district and quarter of Naples at different depths. This is a kind of underground city, very little studied, which holds incredible secrets associated with various events that have occurred over the millennia here, in the shadow of Vesuvius. No one knows its true size. Cavers who have explored the gigantic dungeon network over the past thirty years have estimated that at least 60% of the city’s population lives and works below the city’s historical level. Only in the Stella area there are about 62 artificial grottoes and caves, restored for modern use, with a total volume of about 160 thousand cubic meters. About four square meters per inhabitant of the block! Another 86 caves are located under San Carlo all’Arena, 85 in the Avvocata area, 34 in San Fernando and in the Chiaia region, 32 under San Lorenzo and 28 under Cape Posillipo. And this is only part of a huge list. The oldest cave discovered to date is a grave about 4,500 years old in the Materdei area. In general, from the end of World War II to the present day, researchers have discovered about 700 cavities near Naples, consisting of tunnels, galleries, caves, secret passages. In total, they occupy an area of ​​about a million square meters. Recent studies by enthusiasts and cavers indicate that many more cavities have not yet been discovered. At least about two million square meters of undiscovered cavities are hidden right under our feet. The future of this huge underground space, developed mainly during the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans, and expanded and changed over the centuries, remains unknown. Excavations have not been significantly destroyed due to the fact that the host rock is an ideal material for creating tunnels and grottoes: this is the famous Neapolitan yellow tufa. This machinable but durable sandstone formed as a result of geothermal and volcanic activity 13 million years ago. Naples dungeons have changed little over the past centuries, but in the mid-1940s. many of them were urgently put into operation as bomb shelters. Of the 210 shelters used during the war, all were created on the basis of ancient caves. Roman aqueducts and tunnels were specially expanded and extended to connect separate cavities under the city. Today you can get into less than half of the former cave shelters – the rest is blocked due to the growth of city blocks and other circumstances. For example, in the densely populated Spanish Quarter, in the Via Roma area, an enormous bomb shelter still holds about 20,000 people. Apart from the famous catacombs and caves of archaeological importance, it turns out that hundreds of other underground areas examined by the Neapolitan “city cavers” are practically inaccessible and in terrible condition. Naples Underground – Forgotten for decades. These mysterious places have suffered the devastating effects of time, human neglect and indifference of the authorities. Often, cavers can find water pipes, aqueducts and tanks that have survived from Greco-Roman times; now they are inaccessible and filled with garbage dumped in old wells. But this ancient system until the end of the century before last supplied the whole city with drinking water. The tons of waste and debris trapped in the dungeons in recent years have caused many underground fires, which often went out of control and had tragic consequences. An example is the fire of January 1982, when toxic smoke seeped into the sewers and the foundations of old houses in the slums of the Spanish Quarter behind the fashionable Via Roma. As a result, an old man sleeping in his shack was poisoned and died. On June 7, 1979, a severe fire broke out under Gradoni di Chiaia. It started when a carpenter used an old well in his store as a place to dump sawdust and other garbage.

The whole truth about 25 Italian "no"
Italy is a beautiful country, and we sincerely envy those who are planning to visit the Apennine Peninsula this summer. An unforgettable vacation awaits you, unless ... you do not…

...

Not just pizza. 10 more street food to try in Italy
Our top 10 is not the most obvious dishes, without which Italy is not Italy. Especially on the streets ... Ascolana del piceno fried olives If you are used to…

...

Excursion tourism in Rome. Where to go? What to see?
For many millennia, the capital of Italy has been attracting travelers from all over the world. It is not surprising that Rome still attracts tourists to it, because there is…

...

Italy ski resorts
However, here we are, of course, a little cunning. And the ski brotherhood has a special attitude to those who do not ride. For them, they have come up with…

...