Southern Italy is a unique and charming place in the world.
Italy is already south: with its eternally blue sky, silvery olive groves and vineyards, picturesquely clinging to the hills and mountain slopes. And the south of the Apennines is Italy,…

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Italy
The Vatican is a small state inside Rome, it is the smallest, but very interesting for tourists. After all, it is there that the symbol of Catholics is located, the…

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Wine and gastronomic tourism in Italy
The gastronomic journey will not leave anyone indifferent, especially if it takes place in Italy - a real paradise for gourmets and food lovers. It is worth starting the gastronomic…

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A fascinating trip to Paestum – the city of temples

Ah, there was a time when digging a little deeper and stumble upon Pompeii. And now almost every square centimeter of the earth is studied, passed. It remains only to connect the imagination in order to see the contours of ruined temples in Tibetan rocks, which is reminiscent of the search for oil in a garden plot, and then scribble about this “find” in leading newspapers. Oh, there was a time of real discoveries! … Paestum stood in desolation for hundreds of years, and this causes sincere amazement. How could a building of this scale not be noticed ?! After all, this territory was not subjected to any natural disasters: neither to you, volcanic eruptions, nor earthquakes, nor to brodesism, nor tsunamis. And the city was revived only in the XVIII century. Thanks to the road builders of Charles III for finding Greek temples, and then to aristocrats, dilettantes in archeology, but who knows a lot about collecting and court scholars of the Kingdom of Naples. In the wake of enthusiasm after the discovery of Pompeii and Hercolanum, they paved the way for Paestum through swamp swamps, clouds of mosquitoes and robber forests. “Indescribably big!” – this is how the English poet Shelley wrote about Paestum, the most amazing and romantic archaeological ensemble in Southern Italy. The focus here is on three beautifully preserved Doric temples, which many consider to be the greatest temples of the Greek world. However, flowering meadows and the beauty of its pacifying landscapes give Charm to Paestum in many ways. ” From the guidebook “Italy”, National geographic Sybaria colony Paestum – a bit of history Paestum was founded by the Greeks in the 5th century BC. Due to its location, in a short time it became one of the important cities of Great Greece. At first it was called Poseidonia. But in 273 BC it was captured by the Romans and renamed. Since then, he has lost his meaning. And yet, in his new capacity as a Roman city during the Punic Warrior, he remained faithful to Rome, while other Greek colonies crossed over to Hannibal. And the city even provided material assistance, sending gold models of ships from its altars. But the city, however, more and more came to desolation. The only thing he was known in later times – roses, in abundance covering his surroundings. Ovid and Horace admired the Paestum roses blooming twice a year. Later, the inhabitants left the city altogether due to endless barbarian invasions. The floods of the Sele River, an abandoned irrigation system and aqueducts, which continued to supply the ruins in abundance, turned the area into a continuous swamp. It was in this slurry of malaria swamps that grandiose structures were discovered – Greek temples. What tourists should see – the sights of Paestum The largest and best preserved temple is the temple of Neptune. They built it in honor of the God of the seas to appease him. Maybe this succeeded, since the caravans of ships reached for Poseidonia. However, the data is different. The discoverers considered it the temple of Poseidon. But later it was established for certain that it is still the temple of Hera. That is, already the second: the former, built in the middle of the VI century BC, apparently managed in a century to come, according to the residents of the city, into a state of wear. Therefore, literally fifty meters from the old sanctuary, a hundred years later (about 460–440), a new temple was erected in honor of the same goddess. However, everything is confusing, both in the names and in historical facts. And since the temple of Hera is still called the temple of Neptune, so we will call it. This temple is contemporary to the Athenian Parthenon, but heavy. Its columns resemble elephant legs. Therefore, it is difficult to agree with the fact that they were built almost simultaneously, but since historians say so, we will repeat after them in this case too. At one time, Hera sat in the temple, holding in one hand a symbol of fertility – pomegranate, and in the other – a child. The fact that Homer Hera is “dragged” is not a sign of special beauty, but a religious relic. In Aragos, one of the most ancient centers of her cult, the goddess was revered in the form of a cow. When the inhabitants of Paestum left the city, they took this Madonna with them. Having founded another city of Carpaccio, they hoisted it on the altar in the new church, where it stood for many centuries. But the original crumbled about a century ago, and now you can see there only a copy of Hera. The third temple is the temple of Demeter, but it turned out to be dedicated to a completely different goddess – Athena. It is separated from other religious buildings by the Roman Forum and thermae, as well as by the Greek theater. But these ruins do not impress anyone. Maybe it’s for specialists. But the defensive walls of Paestum are interesting, they are well preserved and stretch for three kilometers. Beautiful-beautiful lizards run around them. Some are multi-colored: both blue and green, and even pinkish. Strange, from what? The nature around the temples is really beautiful and colorful in the spring, but the temples themselves are monochrome, tuff yellow-brown. Although, historians say, once they were colorful. They refer to the fact that in 1968 a tomb was discovered

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