The Vatican is a small state inside Rome, it is the smallest, but very interesting for tourists. After all, it is there that the symbol of Catholics is located, the heart of the Vatican and Rome – St. Peter’s Basilica. Thousands of tourists visit the Vatican every year in order to touch the history, the work of many architects embodied in this cathedral.
The history of the cathedral begins in the fourth century, when a small basilica was built over the grave of the apostle Peter. And in 1506, it began to transform into a magnificent and grandiose temple, impressive in its beauty and size. Great architects, painters and sculptors worked on the cathedral, each of which brought a piece of himself to this great building.
The cathedral was built under the leadership of great people: Bernini, Raphael, Michelangelo. Changing each other, they added new elements and architectural styles. The result was not just a cathedral, but a stunning architectural creation, similar to a palace. The dimensions of the cathedral are impressive, the height of the building is 136 m, and the length is 211 m, this cathedral can accommodate several large cathedrals of Europe, their sizes are indicated on the marble floor of the cathedral.
Inside the cathedral, magnificent vaults, walls are opened for tourists, all the decoration of the temple is fraught with history. There are also statues of great sculptors. Basically, the statues depict Saints Theresa, Philip, Helen, John – Baptiste. Under the glass dome is the work of Michelangelo’s “Mourning of Christ”, so it is protected from dust, moisture and sloppy visitors. The work is of historical and architectural value, the year of its creation is 1449. Inside the cathedral there is a canopy on four columns, over which there is a department dedicated to Peter.
Icons, architectural ensembles, tombs, burials of saints, chapels, mosaic paintings – all this can be seen by visitors inside the cathedral. From the dome of the cathedral you can see a huge square with alleys and sculptures on which it is installed. The square has the shape of a key, it is so huge that during the Catholic holidays, it can fit up to 400 thousand visitors. On the square there are 284 columns, 140 sculptures of saints and dozens of church coats of arms. Tourists are allowed to visit the cathedral daily except on Wednesdays from 7am to 7pm.
Tickets can be pre-purchased on the Vatican’s official website, using the detailed information on
Everyone for a little money can look at the interior of the cathedral, climb the dome with an elevator, or walk, breaking 500 steps. A stunning landscape opens from the dome. At the entrance, tourists need to go through a metal detector and check bags, clothes should be in accordance with the rules. Men without a hat, women should wear a scarf. Taking pictures and taking pictures of the cathedral from the inside can, most importantly, not include the flash.
A visit to St. Peter’s Basilica will not leave anyone indifferent. Magnificent painted frescoes, gilded altars and m, saturated with history, fascinate with their grandeur, and will remain in memory for a long time.